How obvious is a ‘manifest error’?

Crawford Jamieson

In Amey Birmingham Highways v Birmingham City Council, the Court of Appeal offered guidance on the meaning of the phrase ‘manifest error’. Under a PFI contract with the City Council, Amey agreed to maintain Birmingham’s road system. The roads to be maintained were defined by reference to a data set, 60% of which was based Read More

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701 Aggregations. Spotting when many insurance claims are treated as a single pack

Russell Butland

In Spire v Royal & Sun Alliance the Court of Appeal held that over 700 claims of the victims of surgeon Ian Paterson should be aggregated as a single claim for the purposes of the hospital’s liability policy. Spire runs a number of private hospitals where Ian Paterson, a Consultant Breast Surgeon, operated. Over 700 Read More

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Your exclusion clause won’t benefit from hindsight

Samantha Holland

In Nesbit Law v Acasta Insurance the Court of Appeal held that an insurer could not rely on an exclusion clause in order to avoid paying out under its policy. The claimant personal injury solicitors were members of a funding scheme run by the defendant insurer and a bank. On joining the scheme the solicitors’ Read More

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No contractual duty to protect spread betters against themselves

Elizabeth Staves

The Court of Appeal in Ehrentreu v IG Index held that very clear express words are required to give rise to a contractual duty to protect parties against inflicting economic harm on themselves. Ehrentreu placed substantial spread bets on market movements through IG. Under the agreement between the parties, Ehrentreu acknowledged that if he failed Read More

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To assign, or not to assign: that is not the primary question

Lucinda Critchley

In First Abu Dhabi Bank v BP, the Court of Appeal held that a warranty in a purchase letter that BP was not prohibited from disposing of a receivable was not breached by a no assignment clause in the underlying contract. BP entered into a contract with SAMIR for the sale and purchase of crude Read More

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Powder-tools for construction and termination

Alex Woolgar

The Court of Appeal decision in Kason Kek-Gardner Limited (KKG) v Process Components Limited (PCL) covers, first, what extrinsic evidence is relevant to construction and, second, what limitations can be implied into a confidentiality undertaking? PCL bought assets (including intellectual property) relating to certain businesses of Kemutec Powder Technologies, as Kemutec entered administration. Ten days Read More

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Limiting liability under your contract

Jason Rix

Last month, a group of us (Erwan Poisson, Joost Everaert, Julie Metois, James Freeman and I) gave some training on limiting liability in commercial contracts. So far so unsurprising. The sting in tail was that we were covering the topic under Belgian, French and English law. This served to highlight some legal and cultural differences Read More

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What does “to the extent that” mean in a warranty claim accounts exclusion?

Philippa Richards

The question of what “to the extent that” means was recently considered by the High Court in Zayo Group v. Ainger. In that case, the seller was liable under a sale purchase agreement for a warranty claim except “to the extent that” a provision (for a target company liability) was made in the accounts. Did Read More

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Retro scooters: a licence to ride?

Adrian Dykes

In Scomadi v RA Engineering, the High Court construed a poorly drafted agreement against a licensor, meaning that the licensee could continue to manufacture the licensor’s retro scooter, even after the original agreement was terminated. Scomadi entered an agreement with Hanwei for the design and manufacture of a retro scooter. The agreement provided that Scomadi Read More

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Ejusdem generis – let’s get down to the specifics

Sherin Bhasker

Was the sale of properties for social housing, the transfer of land for “other social/community purposes”? Applying the ejusdem generis rule in Burrows Investments v Ward Homes, the Court of Appeal held that it was not. Burrows, a property investment company, entered into a contract for the sale of land with Ward, a developer. Ward’s right Read More

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